Hyaluronic acid is a well-known ingredient for relieving pain associated with osteoarthritis. Along with the fact that injectable substances based on the HA are actively used in aesthetic cosmetology, they can be injected with a syringe into the joints.
Generally speaking, many elderly people or those with any joint disease experience a drastic decrease in joint lubrication. In this regard, the cartilage tissue is destroyed, provoking inflammation and increased joint pain.
The injection of hyaluronic acid into the joint cavity eliminates (reduces) these negative effects, restoring the amount of synovial fluid and increasing its viscosity. It also improves the nutrition of chondrocytes, thereby stopping their further destruction.
Patients point out significant improvements after the treatment at the initial stages of degenerative-dystrophic changes in the joint. The effect of such therapy lasts up to six months.
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How Does Hyaluronic Acid Fight Osteoarthritis?
Osteoarthritis is a serious condition that depletes the cartilage tissue in the joints. In addition to the destructive effect on the body, osteoarthritis provokes swelling and severe pain.
Typically, injection techniques using hyaluronic acid-based drugs are the last resort when traditional treatments don’t give the desired effect. Nevertheless, it is the hyaluronic acid, a natural component of a human body, that has a prolonged effect on the elimination of pain in the joints, literally lubricating them and thus providing additional amortization during movement.
As for the dosage, it is calculated differently in every case. However, there are general prescriptions that imply a course of 3-5 injections of the drug (standard syringe volume – 2 ml) within a week.
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Are There Any Contraindications to the Hyaluronic Acid Injection?
Since hyaluronic acid, as we have already indicated, is a substance absolutely natural for a human body, the probability of allergic reactions or rejection by cartilage tissues is minimal. However, HA orthopedic medications should be avoided if a patient:
- has diabetes;
- has ankylosing spondylitis or rheumatoid arthritis;
- is carrying or breastfeeding a child;
- has an infectious disease that influences the tissues near the affected joint;
- has joint inflammation;
- is undergoing chemotherapy;
- is taking aspirin-containing drugs, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, and blood thinners.
Can Any Side Effects Occur After an Injection?
After the injection therapy, a patient should protect the place of the HA injection from water and external contamination. In order to do this, it’s enough to wrap the treated area with a gauze bandage.
Obviously, this prescription excludes taking baths, saunas, and, in general, and complete immersion in water.
Some patients also point out the soreness of the place where the injection was performed. It’s a normal thing and can be resolved by prescribing pain relievers (strictly according to the doctor’s prescription) or by applying cold compresses or using topical anesthetic creams, ointments, or sprays.
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